Glazyev S.Yu. Poverty and Luster of the Russian Monetarists. Part 2. // Economics of contemporary Russia 2015. ¹3 (706) Ñ..
The paper characterizes some theoretical foundations, historical origins and related modern justification of the economic policy held in Russia nowadays. The mutually agreed postulate of such policy is that it comes from dogmatic, false and harmful ideas about the use of automated mechanisms of market self-organization and non-interference of the state in the regulation aspects. Based initially on the wrong promises, the policy of modern monetarists and monetarism had already led to economic stagnation, recession, had deprived the economy of perspectives and impulses for development. Some recommendations on Russia's withdrawal from the «funnel» of monetarist misconceptions to take the way of sustainable economic development through the use of proven in the successful states mechanisms and measures of state support are done.
Keywords: management theory, macroeconomic stability, quantity theory of money, inflationary expectations.
Volkonsky D.A. Theoretical Fundamentals of Ideology. //
Economics of contemporary Russia 2015. ¹3 (70) Ñ..
The availability of system of concepts about the society and history structure, sense and ethical attitudes (ideology), unifying and consolidating the society, is the most important mowing force of the social and economic development. The paper proposes a system of most common postulates, facts, trends describing the actual world situation. In the author’s opinion, it should be the basis for discussions and further elaborates. For the coming historical period, the main feature of an ideological concept is searching the possibilities for the development without wars. All standoffs and conflicts must be overcome within the spirit–intellectual and cultural areas.
Keywords: ideological area, civilization poles, elites, open economies, autarchy of the big regions, financial system, social clusters, market mechanism, planning.
Andrukovich P.F. Dow–Jones Industrial Average Index: From Industrial to Postindustrial
State. // Economics of contemporary
Russia 2015. ¹3 (70) Ñ..
This paper analyzes some changes in the list structure of the Dow–Jones Industrial Average index (DJIA) which took place during the late XIX – early XXI century. It identifies several stages that marked the transition of the DJIA list structure from purely industrial to «postindustrial», reflecting the major institutional and technological changes in the US economy. This analysis is made at the level of both individual companies and industry groups. Changes in the composition of these groups are further compared with shifts in the structure of the US GDP in different times. Both objective and subjective main factors affecting frequency, intensity and timing of these changes in the stock indexes list structure are described.
Keywords: Dow–Jones index, company, delisting, technology structure, institutional changes, postindustrial era, human factor, microeconomics, mesoeconomics, macroeconomics, US GDP.
Platonov V.V., Bergman Y.-P., Luukka P. Cognitive Diversity
and Emerging of the Dominant Logic of Innovative Companies. // Economics of contemporary Russia 2015.
¹3 (70) Ñ..
The paper considers the theoretical foundations and methodology for the study of cognitive diversity as antecedents of the corporate capacity for change and innovation. It develops the procedure for quantitative analysis of cognitive diversity based on causal maps. The problem of emergence of dominant logic in the Cleantech Industry is approached by analyzing the individual and shared mental models of the members of the director boards. The authors discuss the results of this analysis in the perspective of the impact of diversity among shared mental models of companies and industry on the processes of new knowledge exploration and exploitation.
Keywords: cognitive diversity, dominant logic, innovation-driven development, cognitive mapping, causal maps; strategic decisions.
Tsvetkov V.A., Zoidov
K.Kh., Medkov A.A., Ionicheva V.N. Institutional and
Organizational Problems of Customs Regulation of Export-Import and Transit
Freight Transportation in the Eurasian Economic Union. Part 1. // Economics of contemporary Russia 2015.
¹3 (70) Ñ..
The article deals with topical issues of organizational and institutional regulatory processes crossing the state border and customs operations in export, import and transit of goods in Russia and in the territory of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). Special attention is paid to the implementation of the Single Window mechanism prior notification and electronic declaration of goods transported by rail. It is shown that the customs authorities effective functioning is a major requisite of transport and transit potential of the EAEU realization.
Keywords: customs operations, the Eurasian Economic Union, railway transport, the Single Window mechanism, preliminary information, electronic declaration, transport and transit potential.
Denisov V.I. The Possibility of Increased Investment Activity in the Agrarian
Sector of the Economy of Russia.
// Economics of contemporary Russia 2015.
¹3 (70) Ñ..
Researched and assessed for significance were calculated based indicators of economic efficiency of agricultural production in Russia from a number of the important but previously neglected factors – composition of investments from different investors, their participation in the production, direction and nature of the use of the attachments. The implications concerning the most effective measures to strengthen the investment activity in the agricultural sector are formulated.
Keywords: economics of agricultural production, investment, options for stimulating investment activity.
Byvshev V.A., Chistov D.V. Collaborative Interaction and the Optimal Size of the Company. // Economics of contemporary Russia 2015. ¹3 (70) Ñ..
The purpose of this article is to explain a popular principle of collaborative interaction in business by means of the model of the optimum size of the company. A company that is using collaborative interaction reduces production costs at the expense of reducing the price of a fixed capital.
This article was prepared as a result of research carried out at the expense of State budget funds in the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation in 2014.
Keywords: collaborative interaction, production function, factors of production, the optimal size of the company.
Golichenko O.G., Samovoleva S.A. Complementarity and Substitution in Industrial R&D Activity. // Economics of contemporary Russia 2015. ¹3 (70) Ñ..
The paper proposes macro analysis of business preferences for using internal and external sources of research and development. These preferences are investigated for the business sector as a whole. The higher education and government sectors are taken as the most important external sources for business research and development (R&D). The actions of the business sector are considered in terms of choice of the composition of investment in its research and acquisition of external knowledge. This choice may have dynamic effects of substitution or complementarity. The paper introduces four primary factors that influence the behavior of business sector. That is the main subject of the study. These factors are: a stage of country’s development and economic situation, business conditions, efficacy and dimensions of impact of public policies on R&D. The work carries out cross-country comparisons of complementarity and substitution effects in the use of business R&D sources as well as the shifts in business preferences. The comparison has been made within two groups of countries for 2000–2010.
Keywords: research and development, investment, internal and external sources, shift of business preferences, effect of substitution, effect of complementarity.
Ptuskin A.S., Levner
E.V. A Model of Project Selection for Reducing
Strategic Environmental Risks at Industrial Enterprises. // Economics of contemporary Russia 2015. ¹3 (70) Ñ..
The paper considers the problem of project selection aimed at reducing environmental strategic risks at industrial enterprises. The implementation of such projects should support a correspondence between planned and actual strategic environmental performance characteristics. To identify the strategic environmental risks we propose a hierarchical structure of the environmental strategy at the enterprises. Basing on the methodology of the information-entropy approach we develop a computational procedure that allows to identify the most critical strategic environmental performance characteristics and corresponding production processes. A mathematical model of selection of risk-avoiding strategic environmental projects is developed.
Keywords: ecological strategy, ecological strategic risk, information-entropy approach, selection of ecologic strategic projects.