Vladimir I. Maevsky Evolutionary Theory and Pop-equilibrium Processes.
An idea has been established historically that non-equilibrium processes in economy are destructive and therefore must be overcome either by market mechanism or by state regulation. It is just this "overcoming" that the theory of general equilibrium is engaged in. It is shown in the present paper that this idea contradicts the objects of economic evolution. There are non-equilibrium processes which can't be eliminated by methods of the theory of general equilibrium. These processes have their impact on the formation of prices, interest rates, wage rates. The importance of such impact is shown by means of an evolutionary model using statistical data of the USA. It has been revealed in the course of computations that in certain cases inflation is a positive factor that accompanies economic development.
Roman L. Boldyrev, Isaak B.Russman, Irina N.Shchepina. An
imitational modeling of structure changes on the base of balance models.
An analysis of future technical re-equipment variants which considers external factors (political, ecological, organizational) must be the basis for the strategic planning. As an effective instrument of such an analysis we suggest using the imitational model on the base of the Leontief input-output model. Possibility and expediency of this method are being demonstrated on the example of aggregational intersectoral balance tables of Voronezh region considering ecological restrictions.
Vitalie I. Tsymbal, Yeugenie Yu Khrustalev. Economical Aspects
of Modern Russia Military Security.
The article contains approaches to the problems of economical explanation and realization of military security of modern Russia. The authors describe the characteristics of Russian military organization, formulate the basic military economic tasks, reveal the economic significance of security industry, enumerate the social structures which are interested in and able to solve the described problems as well as probable consequences, which the relaxation of attention towards the condition of military security could lead to.
Alexander S. Nekrasov, Yuri V. Sinyak. Economic Background
and Russian Energy Systems Prospects.
The first part of the paper contains the discussion of major macroeconomic problems, specific for the development of Russian economics, which shape energy systems in the middle term until 2010. The projections of expected levels of energy production and utilization are evaluated in the second part. These projections correspond to the economic concept put forward by the Institute of Economic Forecasting of RAS. Minimal investment requirements are assessed to guarantee the consistency and security of Russian energy/economic relations. The conclusion is drawn that within the time period considered the stable work of energy systems is possible only under goal-oriented state regulations.
George Sh. Tsereteli, Vakhtang Sh. Burduli. Commodity Market
Development Problems in a Postsoviet Country (Georgia) on the Background
of the Evolution of World Economic Order.
The factors hindering to overcome the economic crisis in Georgia are analyzed. It is also shown that a slow rate of development of commodity market in the country is stipulated not only by internal reasons and some automatical factors, inherited from the Soviet Union, but by unsettled external economic relation as well. The ways of qualitative growth of foreign and home trade are suggested on the basis of improving the action of economic key factors and development of modern financing system of management of production.
Alexander G. Chesnokov. The Electronic Commerce - as XXI Century
The article considers the development of a new trend in modern science "Internet - Economics" and its constituent part, electronic commerce. The technological and organizational components of electronic commerce conception are defined. The economic and technological aspects of electronic commerce development in different countries as well as its influence on the global labour, goods and services markets are examined. The major approaches to the evaluation of electronic commerce effectiveness and reduction of transaction costs are given.. A detailed analysis is given of how rules and customs of electronic commerce participant countries of the World Trade Organization have been formed, and the place Russia occupies ,is shown.
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