ABSTRACTS

Alexander N. Anissimov. The Economy of Transition As a Special Kind of Disbalanced Market Economy Economics in transition is a kind of market economy with a large declining from the system optimum state. As a result, it has acquired a potential of disbalance under certain circumstances . If the corresponding process is not blocked, its system quality will deteriorate with time. It was shown that in the absence of an anticrisis program, the disbalance of the economy may increase only when the system quality worsens.

K.A.Bagrinovsky. On the Methods for Adaptive Control in Transition Economy
The paper deals with the description of economic processes in the conditions of uncertainty. The algorithm of control of such a process must be changed to obtain a sufficiently high result. The paper discusses how to' use the ability for self-organization to construct such adaptive regulators.

Michael Yu. Afanasiev. To the Analysis of Demand on the Aggregated Product
The quantitative analysis of demand functions is of special practical interest, as it allows to study specificity of firms and markets. The research performed has theoretically and experimentally proved that the transition from the mono-product to the aggregated product allows to avoid a number of problems at the stage of collecting information necessary for demand function construction. Thus ,econometrics model of demand function for the aggregated product can be used for the estimation of firm profit and, as a consequence, for practically significant recommendations in price formation. Using food products as an example, the hypotheses have been proved on statistically significant econometrics model construction , on the availability of a seasonal component of demand, as well as on making decisions to increase firm profits.

Michael Pomer. Understanding EconomicTransition
The article considers the competitive-equilibrium model and criticizes its misuse to justify the shock therapy approach. The model identifies three key elements of a market system: prices, markets, and profit maximization. To provide a logical basis for a deliberate program of "re-form", each of these elements is compared with the corresponding component of the Soviet command economy. Also, the chapter focuses on macroeconomic conditions and discusses institutional contexts. Finally, it gives a simple empirical model that highlights special features of the Russian economy that require careful attention.

V.N. Ivanov, A. V. Suvorov. The Important Tasks of the Income State Policy
The article considers the modern situation with personal incomes in Russia. Parameters of total personal income and the value of differentiation in incomes are evaluated. Changes in income taxation are proposed to increase earnings in industry and social sphere.

L.A.Anosova. Asian-European Economies: New Forms of Integration
Economic cooperation between Europe and Asia is a big field of activities for testing its new mutually profitable forms .The paper discusses the strategy for constructing a "bridge" between Western Europe and Russia, between Western Europe and Asia. New possibilities of trade and economic cooperation have been opened by China's initiative to create a continental Euroasian "bridge" 11 thousand kilometers long ,using joint efforts of the countries concerned. This bridge is meant to connect more than 40 countries with 2,2 billion population. The project makes Western countries start reconsidering their estimation of China and look at it as a world power.

M.Zavelsky. Variations on the Theme of "Love in Russia"or Who is to Blame and What to Do.
The author argues with the Supreme Soviet of Russia former speaker R.Khasbulatov, proving the fallacy in his evaluation of the present social-economic conditions in Russia and its future development.

Boris A.Efimov. martya Sen - Laureate 1998 Prize in EconomicSciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. (martya Sen - 1998 Nobel Prize Laureate in Economics)
A brief sketch of scientific activities of A.Sen is adduced.

Soltan S. Dzarasov. Michal Kalecki: Life And Scientific Endowment
Michal Kalecki (1899-1970) is a world known scientist whose name is closely connected with a particular development of economic thought. Following the Ricardian-Marxian tradition, he anticipated the basic Keynesian ideas and in collaboration with the latter worked out the economic theory and models. His ideas were highly appreciated as a contribution to Kaleckian-Keynesian revolution. For a "revisionist" nature of the Kalecki's views his writings were scarcely published in the USSR, and, thus, he remains not very known in Russia. Meanwhile, recently his ideas have become important because of the failure of the neoclassical model in Russia.
The article devoted to the 100-th anniversary of M.Kalecki has two parts. The first part gives an implication of the Kalecki's theory and describes his life path. The second part which will be published in the following issue evaluates his contribution to economics.


Contents

Back to home page