Valery V. Zotov, Vassily F. Presniakov, Valery O.Rosentahl "Institutional Problems of the Russia's Economy".
The paper treats controversial institutional difficulties of the Russian economy and their consequences for performing systemic functions by economic institutions. The factors contributing to emergence of institutions of markets, firms, and property rights are indicated. The proposals concerning efficient reforming of the Russian economy are given.

Mayrash S. Toksanbaeva. The first attempt to employ the concept of poverty as relative deprivation in Russia.
Though official Russian statistics defines poverty in terms of average per capita income, in reality, poverty is bound up with consumption. The idea of relative deprivation is an attempt to conceive of poverty in sociological terms rather than in economic framework and thus gives a methodological approach to define the scale of poverty on the basis of estimates of underconsumption (deprivation). The results of the pilot study of poverty as relative deprivation in Russia was summarized in the monograph "Alternative Approaches to the Definition and Measurement of Poverty", released by Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in late 1998.

Petr I. Rodionov, Leonid E. Grjaznov, Vladimir G.Terentjev.Adequate theory and new deal are prerequisites for economic growth.
The A. I. Anchishkin's method of periodisation of scientific and technological progress is used for determination of the Russia's modern economic crisis. The prerequisites for the modern crisis appeared during the Soviet period, are considered. The complicated structure of economy, where ancient forms of production were accompanied by the most modern ones, and, thus, the efficiency of national economy was falling, is considered to cause the crisis. Perestroyka and economic reforms were expected to solve these problems. Instead of being a means of solving the problems the reforms became the main goal. The basic crisis - prerequisites still remain. The state of Russian economy is considered. Potential ways out of the crisis are determined.

Alexander I. Tatarkin, Yuri V. Perevalov, Sergej Y. Urpalov. The Urals Economic Region as the Source of Economic Development of Russia.
The role of the Urals Economic Region in the Russian economy and the impact of the reform on development of the region are analyzed. The article demonstrates that, in spite of the crisis, the Urals continue to be the leading industrial region of Russia with its obvious specialization. The region potential and the main directions of its realization in the interests of social-economic development of the country are determined.

Yury V. Ovsienko. The Russian Reforms: inevitable result.
The article comments and develops the main theses stated in Academician Petrakov's monograph. Proved are a dead-end character of the Russian reforms 1992-1998 and a priori evident inevitability of their failure. Suggested are directions of transformations permitting to really move towards a socially oriented market economy. They include, first, a democratic social system and a competition environment.

Eleonore P. Pivovarova. The Role Of Economics In The Economic Reform Of The PRC.
The article is analyzing the essence of the "breakthroughs" in the economic theory of socialism, made by Chinese economists during the 20 years of economic reforms in the PRC, also highlights the evolution from the traditional perceptions of socialism to the ideas of "mixed economy" which process has been entitled in the PRC as "construction of socialism with Chinese specifics".

Alexander I. Neklessa. Pax Economicana: Geo-Economic axis of the World System.
Modernity has moved into system-crises which now transforms not only its institutions but also the current World Order itself. The mainstream of history has split into three highly contradictory tendencies: modernization, posmodernization and demodernization (or neoarchaization). The economy of modernity obviously goes through transition period and gradually replaces itself by some new phenomenon - post-economy. The nature of the last is not so based on the constructive efforts to rebuild world and to lessen burden of human existence but rather on the intensive financial technologies. Current international system is replaced by New Geoeconomic Order based on the divides of labor and regional economic styles within frame of Global Economy.

Alexander I. Tatarkin. I.A.Trutnev. The first corresponding member of the Russian academy of sciences P.I. Rychkov and his economic views.
P.I.Rychkov (1712 - 1777) the first corresponding member of St.Petersburg Academy of Sciences, went down in history as a historian, geographer, naturalist. But of special value are his economic views. In fact he was the founder of the Russian economic science. And many of his principles concerning commerce, agriculture, forestry, mining as well as civilized ways of trading and training specialists for civilized commerce have important implications for nowadays.


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